Ricœur et Butler: Lumières sur le débat sexe/genre, à travers le prisme de l’identité narrative

Marjolaine Deschênes


This article indicates a reflective paradigm generally ignored in feminist research regarding the sex/gender debate, as presented in the work of Judith Butler (Gender Trouble).  First, I address the fact that Butler’s philosophy is inscribed in the hermeneutical tradition of suspicion. Second, I put into relief the implicitly Platonic concept of mimesis, which is central to the anticipated subversion of gender, but uncriticized by Butler and others who follow her line of thought.  Third, since Butler’s feminism can’t ward off dualism, nor consider idem and ipse identity, I emphasize Paul Ricoeur ’s concept of triple mimesis and narrative identity, which allows us to depart from dichotomies and hierarchies.  Following the path of Ricoeur and Françoise Heritier, I finally defend a feminist hermeneutical point of view, which is differentialist and universal.


Gender, Mimesis, Narrative Identity, Recognition, Sex

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/errs.2013.170

Copyright (c) 2013 Marjolaine Deschênes

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/

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ISSN 2156-7808 (online)