Aristotle, Augustine and Ricœur’s Aporetics of Temporality in Context

Jonathan Martineau

Abstract


Questioning Ricœur’s positioning of Aristotle and Augustine as the founders of the two mutually exclusive conceptions of time that dichotomize the Western tradition, this article suggests that what Ricœur describes as the aporetics of temporality is a product of the modern social time regime. Extracting Aristotle and Augustine’s conceptions of time from this modern problem reveals the Aristotelian so-called “naturalist” view of time as one that rather unifies humans and their world through symbolic mediation, while Augustine’s alleged “subjective” conception of time is read rather as expressing the subordination of time to divine transcendence.

Keywords


Aristotle; Augustine; Time; Ricœur; Time and Narrative

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Barbara Adam, Timewatch: The Social Analysis of Time (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995).

Barbara Adam, Time (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2004).

Julia Annas, “Aristotle, Number and Time,” The Philosophical Quarterly 99 (1975).

Aristotle, Physics, trans. Robin Waterfield (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Augustine, Confessions, trans. R.S Pine-Coffin (London: Penguin, 1961).

Mikhail Bakhtin, Rabelais and His World (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984).

David Bostock, “Introduction,” in Aristotle, Physics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Robert Brenner, “Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe,” in The Brenner Debate, ed. T.H. Alston & C.H.E. Philpin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).

Ursula Coope, Time for Aristotle (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Jacques Derrida, Marges de la philosophie (Paris: Minuit, 1972).

Robert DiSalle, Understanding Space-Time. The Philosophical Development of Physics from Newton to Einstein (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Gerhard Dohrn-van Rossum, History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996).

Yuval Dolev, Time and Realism (Cambridge, MIT Press, 2007).

Norbert Elias, Time. An Essay (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).

Robert Hannah, Time in Antiquity (New York: Routledge, 2009).

Robert Hassan, Empires of Speed: Time and the Acceleration of Politics and Society (Leiden: Brill, 2009).

Martin Heidegger, Being and Time (Oxford: Blackwell, 1962).

Fredric Jameson, Valences of the Dialectics (London: Verso, 2009).

David Landes, Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983).

Jacques Le Goff, Pour un autre Moyen-âge, temps, travail et culture au Moyen-âge (Paris: Gallimard, 1977).

Roger Penrose, The Road to Reality (London: Jonathan Cape, 2004).

John Polkinghorne, “The Nature of Time,” in On Space and Time, ed. Shahn Majid (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Moishe Postone, Time, Labor and Social Domination (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Paul Ricœur, Temps et récit III (Paris: Seuil, 1985).

Massimiliano Tomba, Marx’s Temporalities (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

Stavros Tombazos, Time in Marx. The Categories of Time in Marx’s Capital (Leiden: Brill, 2013);

Sarah Waterlow, “Aristotle’s Now,” The Philosophical Quarterly 135 (1984).

Neal Wood and Ellen Meiksins Wood, Class Ideology and Ancient Political Theory (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978).

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Citizens to Lords (London: Verso, 2008).

Ellen M. Wood, The Origin of Capitalism (London: Verso, 2012).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/errs.2020.507



Copyright (c) 2021 Jonathan Martineau

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/


This journal is published by the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh as part of its D-Scribe Digital Publishing Program and is cosponsored by the University of Pittsburgh Press.

ISSN 2156-7808 (online)