Du témoignage ou de l’ininterprétable

Emmanuel Alloa

Abstract


This article defends the thesis that the reflection which Ricœur conducts on the notion of testimony is not one research topic among others, but forms one of the keys to understanding the Ricœurian project as such. The notion of testimony enables one to get beyond the polarity of (phenomenological) description and (hermeneutical) ascription, in order to return to the question of the real. Through an examination of the quadruple grammar of testimony that Ricœur proposes (with its aspects of “presentification,” “credence,” “assertion,” and “substitutability”) and its context in the dialogue with historiography and theology, the article advances the thesis that with testimony, we broach the limit point of hermeneutics, a “non-interpretable” at the heart of interpretation. This “non-interpretable” acquires a quasi-transcendental status, because it allows interpretation to broach the thing it is dealing with and not another interpretation. Lastly, it will be important to show how Ricœur’s thought on testimony also reflects an ethics: this ethics prohibits treating the testimony as a mere source, referring to a positivity, but as a trace, within an experience, which as such is unrepeatable.

Keywords


Ricœur, Testimony, Hermeneutics, Historiography, Ethics



DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/errs.2015.274

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Copyright (c) 2015 Emmanuel Alloa

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/


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